Education: Science Standards
For classroom teachers implementing the Next Generation Science Standards
the content on these pages provides role models for effective ocean science and engineering practices. Each video clip has
been aligned with one or more of the eight Science and Engineering Practices including, "Asking Questions and Defining
Problems" and "Planning and Carrying Out Investigations". Click on an icon to
access the video clips relative to that practice.
- Asking Questions and Defining Problems (22) A practice of science is to ask and refine questions that lead to descriptions and explanations of how the natural and designed world(s) works and which can be empirically tested.
- Developing and Using Models (9) A practice of both science and engineering is to use and construct models as helpful tools for representing ideas and explanations. These tools include diagrams, drawings, physical replicas, mathematical representations, analogies, and computer simulations.
- Planning and Carrying Out Investigations (21) Scientists and engineers plan and carry out investigations in the field or laboratory, working collaboratively as well as individually. Their investigations are systematic and require clarifying what counts as data and identifying variables or parameters.
- Analyzing and Interpreting Data (27) Scientific investigations produce data that must be analyzed in order to derive meaning. Because data patterns and trends are not always obvious, scientists use a range of tools - including tabulation, graphical interpretation, visualization, and statistical analysis - to identify the significant features and patterns in the data. Scientists identify sources of error in the investigations and calculate the degree of certainty in the results. Modern technology makes the collection of large data sets much easier, providing secondary sources for analysis.
- Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking (15) In both science and engineering, mathematics and computation are fundamental tools for representing physical variables and their relationships. They are used for a range of tasks such as constructing simulations; solving equations exactly or approximately; and recognizing, expressing, and applying quantitative relationships.
- Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions (26) The goal of science is the construction of theories that provide explanatory accounts of the world. A theory becomes accepted when it has multiple lines of empirical evidence and greater explanatory power of phenomena than previous theories.
- Engaging in Argument From Evidence (10) Argumentation is the process by which evidence-based conclusions and solutions are reached. In science and engineering, reasoning and argument based on evidence are essential to identifying the best explanation for a natural phenomenon or the best solution to a design problem.
- Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information (11) Scientists and engineers must be able to communicate clearly and persuasively the ideas and methods they generate. Critiquing and communicating ideas individually and in groups is a critical professional activity.